Protein Synthesis – Mnemonic
Protein synthesis occurs with the help of Ribosomes. They consist of 2 subunits :
In Eukaryotes: 40S + 60S → 80S (Even).
In Prokaryotes: 30S + 50S → 70S (Odd).
A Ribosome has 3 sites:
A site = incoming Aminoacyl-tRNA.
RNA is a polymer of ribonucleotides, formed from DNA by transcription. And it translates to protein to perform specific functions of cell. Types of RNA are: