Human evolution includes a single genus Homo with a single living species sapiens and a sub species sapiens.
All racial groups Mongoloid, Negroid, Caucasoid, and Australoid are the types of Homo sapiens sapiens.
- Primates originated in the Palaeocene epoch of the Tertiary period about 65 million years ago.
- The beginning of primate evolution is presumed in Eocene of the tertiary period in evergreen forests.
- Fossils of human were obtained from Africa, Asia, and Europe.
- From the earliest ape to the modern man, the evolution is a slow and dynamic process.
- Dryopithecus got differentiated and the first man like primate was Ramapithecus.
- Australopithecus constitute the first ape man.
|10-15 m years ago||Dryopithecus (earliest fossil ape)|| |
|East Africa, Asia, hairy, closely related to chimpanzee.|
|Ramapithecus (man like)||Shivalik hills, erect posture, small canines.|
|2 m years ago||Australopithecus (cave man)||500 cc||African ape-man, height 1.5m, upright.|
|Homo habilis (handy man)||700-800 cc||Tool maker, community life.|
|1.2 m years ago||Homo erectus (includes 3 fossils – Java ape, Peking & Heidelberg man)||800 to 1300 cc|| |
1st to use fire, larger teeth.
|1,00,000-40,000 m years ago|| |
|East and central Asia. Cave dwellers used hides to protect their body & buried the dead.|
|2500 m years ago||Homo sapiens||1650 cc||Modern man, height 1.5 to 1.8 m, flat face.|