C, H, O, P, K, N, S, Ca, Fe, Mg, Cu, Mn, Ni, Zn, Mo, B, Cl.
♣ C HOPKiNS CaFe is Mighty good CuMn Nick Zn before MoB Closes it.
(See Hopkins Cafe is mighty good, common Nick join before mob closes it).
Plant nutrition includes elements of biological importance. Hydroponics is a technique of growing plants in a nutrient solution in absence of soil.
Essential elements are elements which have a specific structural or physiological role and without which plants cannot complete their life cycle. There are 17 essential elements. Depending upon the quantity in which they are required by plants:
C, H, O are non-mineral elements. They are building blocks of macromolecules that form the plant body.
|Name of element||Absorbed as:||Functions:|
|Nitrogen||NO3–, NO2–, NH4+||Constituent of Proteins, Nucleic acids, Vitamins and Hormones, involved in metabolic activities.|
|Phosphorus||H2PO4–, HPO42-||Constituent of Cell membranes, Nucleic acids & Nucleotides, required for all phosphorylation.|
|Potassium||K||Maintains anion-cation balance, involved in protein synthesis, maintains turgidity in cell, helps in stomatal opening.|
|Calcium||Ca2+||Required for permeability of cell membrane, formation of mitotic spindle, formation of middle lamella.|
|Magnesium||Mg2+||Constituent of chlorophyll, maintains structure of ribosomes, activates enzymes of photosynthesis & respiration, involved in DNA & RNA synthesis.|
|Sulphur||SO42-||Constituents of amino acids – Methionine & Cysteine, Coenzymes, ferredoxin & Vitamins – Biotin, Thiamine & Coenzyme A.|
Proband or Propositus is an individual from which a pedigree is initiated.
Female are represented in circles.
Male are represented in squares.
Individuals carrying the character to be studied are shaded. or
It helps us to find out whether the gene is dominant or recessive and autosomal or sex-linked. And the chances of expressing itself in the coming generations.
Amino-acyl tRNA synthetase and ATP, activate amino acids.It reacts with its specific tRNA to form amino-acyl tRNA.
RNA is a polymer of ribonucleotides, formed from DNA by transcription. And it translates to protein to perform specific functions of cell. Types of RNA are:
To Understand what happens to end products of TCA Cycle/ Krebs Cycle, Read Electron Transport Chain(ETC).